Country Schoolhouse
The Declaration of Independence - 1776
The Articles of Confederation - 1777
The Constitution for the United States - 1787,
Its Sources and Its Application

A Completed 8th Grade Final Exam - Salina, Kansas, 1895
Back to 1895 Final Exam

Grammar (Time, one hour)

1. Give nine rules for the use of Capital Letters.

2. Name the Parts of Speech and define those that have no modifications.

3. Define Verse, Stanza and Paragraph.

4. What are the Principal Parts of a verb? Give Principal Parts of do, lie, lay and run.

5. Define Case, Illustrate each Case.

6. What is Punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of Punctuation.

7-10. Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you understand the practical use of the rules of grammar.

Arithmetic (Time, 1.25 hours)

1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.

2. A wagon box is 2 ft. deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. wide. How many bushels of wheat will it hold?

3. If a load of wheat weighs 3942 lbs., what is it worth at 50 cts. per bu, deducting 1050 lbs. for tare?

4. District No. 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary levy to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104 for incidentals?

5. Find cost of 6720 lbs. coal at $6.00 per ton.

6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent.

7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft. long at $.20 per inch?

8. Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent.

9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance around which is 640 rods?

10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt.
Bank Check

Farmer's Coop Bank1895
Salina, KansasJune 1, 1894
Pay To The Order OfSalina School District 33        $57.16
Fifty Seven and 16/100 -----------------------------Dollars
 1894-95 Tuition - JamesJohn Q. Parent

Promissory Note
Promissory Note
I    John Q. Parent    do hereby promise to pay to Farmers Coop Bank the amount of   $59.88   in   12  equal payments of   $4.99   on the first of each month starting   July 1st, 1894  , ending   June 1st, 1895  , for principal   $57.16   at   4 3/4   percent simple interest
John Q. Parent, May 25, 1894

Salina School Dist. 33Receipt
Salina, KansasJune 1, 1894
Received Of       John Q. Parent        $57.16
Fifty Seven and 16/100 -----------------------------Dollars
 1894-95 Tuition - JamesRoscoe R. Pound,Chmn.

U.S. History (Time, 45 minutes)

1. Give the epochs into which U.S. History is divided.

2. Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus.

3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.

4. Show the territorial growth of the United States.

5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas.

6. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion.

7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln, Penn, and Howe?

8. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800, 1849, and 1865?

Orthography (Time, one hour)

1. What is meant by the following: Alphabet, phonetic orthography, etymology, syllabication?

2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?

3. What are the following, and give examples of each: Trigraph, subvocals, diphthong, cognate letters, linguals?

4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u'.

5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e'. Name two exceptions under each rule.

6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each.

7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word: bi, dis, mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, super.

8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and name the sign that indicates the sound: Card, ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last.
[ Note: due to the limitations of html, the "macron" diacritical mark for vowels, a dash over the vowel, signifying the sound of the vowel name, is shown as ¯a, ¯e, ¯i, ¯o, ¯u ]

9. Use the following correctly in sentences, Cite, site, sight, fane, fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.

10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation by use of diacritical marks and by syllabication.

Geography (Time, one hour)

1. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?

2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas?

3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?

4. Describe the mountains of N.A.

5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver, Manitoba, Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, Juan Fernandez, Aspinwall and Orinoco.

6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S.

7. Name all the republics of Europe and give capital of each.

8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude?

9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources of rivers.

10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give inclination of the earth.

Health (Time, 45 minutes)

1. Where are the saliva, gastric juice, and bile secreted? What is the use of each in digestion?

2. How does nutrition reach the circulation?

3. What is the function of the liver? Of the kidneys?

4. How would you stop the flow of blood from an artery in the case of laceration?

5. Give some general directions that you think would be beneficial to preserve the human body in a state of health.

This quality education certainly paid off.

Take, for instance, a Salina student by the name of Glenn L. Martin. He was a teenager living in Salina when the Wright brothers took off at Kitty Hawk. His family wanted him to sell cars, but he couldn't shake his fascination with planes, so he took to building his own in an unused church.

The obsession won out. In 1909, when he was 23, he took off with the plane he built, reportedly the first aircraft to launch entirely under its own power. Two years later, he founded the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Co. The Martin Company employed many of the founders and chief engineers of the American aerospace industry, including Dandridge M. Cole, Donald Douglas, Lawrence Bell, James S. McDonnell, J.H. "Dutch" Kindleberger (North American Aviation), Hans Multhopp, and C.A. Van Dusen (Brewster Aeronautical Corporation). Martin also taught William Boeing how to fly and sold him his first airplane.

As for Martin's company, you've heard of Lockheed Martin, the aerospace giant.

”Donald Young Donald Douglas at his Martin Co. drafting board.

I had the good fortune to work under Donald Douglas and Chief Engr. Pete Duyan as a senior designer at the Douglas Aircraft Santa Monica plant, beginning my engineering career there, working on the design of the DC-6, DC-7 and DC-8. The desks and stools shown in the picture were much the same 35 years later.

Salina Journal, Feb 17, 2008, Article On The 1895 Test.

I am very proud of myself and very grateful for my teachers, Katherine White, Mary McCarthy and Mrs. Hendrickson, who grounded me so well for a lifetime in the excitement of learning and the basics of education. It only took an hour and a half longer than the exam allotted time to answer all the exam questions and program it for the web.   --   Love and Peace, Barefoot

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